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406

CIVET CAT

Pm. J M •§.     The secretion of the   prescrotal gland of   Fl civetta

yields the civet of commerce.

The " Rasse," genus Viverr-icula, has been separated generically
from the true Civets. It is, remarkably enough, common to both
Madagascarl and many parts of the Oriental region. It is,
moreover,~capable of climbing trees, which its relatives are not.
It has no mane like Viverra and is of slighter build.

FIG. 200.—Civet Cat.     Viverra, civetta.

Prionodon or Linsang differs from the last two genera in the
loss of an upper molar. It thus approaches the Cats, with which
it also agrees in the furry feet. It is a purely Oriental genus.
It also resembles the Cats in that the claws are apparently quite
retractile, a feature not common among the group. There are
three species of the genus. P. pardicolor has large black spots
and a ringed tail. Its body is some 15 inches in length.
Dr. Mivart has commented upon the particularly small caecum,
which, like that of Arctictis, seems to be on the verge of
disappearance.
Genetta,t including the Genets, is almost purely African. It
has the full tooth formula of Viverra; but is to be distinguished
by the absence of a scent pouch, and by a naked strip of skin
running up the metatarsus. These animals are all brownish
yellowish to greyish with darker spots. The .Common Genet,
<2. vidgaris, is South European, and just gets into Asia; it is
also North African. The Genet, an animal " with an appetite
for petty carnage," is one of those smaller Carnivora which are
-possibly to be regarded as meant by the word 7^X7), and appear
to have c< functioned ** as Gats among the Greeks. So recently as
1 Where it has probably been introduced.